plant Thomas Trutschel | getty images

Cómo garantizar la continuidad del ascenso de África

LAGOS – El ascenso de África está en peligro de desvitalizarse. Después de años en los cuales la economía del continente creció en una tasa promedio anual del 5%, la incertidumbre mundial, el descenso de los precios de las materias primas, y las quisquillosas condiciones externas amenazan con socavar décadas de tan necesario progreso. Garantizar la riqueza y el bienestar de los residentes del continente no será fácil; pero, hay mucho que los formuladores de políticas pueden hacer para poner de nuevo a África en una trayectoria ascendente.

En primer lugar, las autoridades deben garantizar la financiación necesaria para lograr el desarrollo sostenible en un entorno mundial incierto. El Banco Mundial estima que África requerirá por lo menos $93 mil millones al año para financiar solamente sus necesidades de infraestructura. La infraestructura que sea respetuosa del clima y sostenible costará aún más. Y, sin embargo, mientras el crecimiento mundial continúe siendo débil, los africanos no pueden contar con que los países desarrollados cumplan plenamente con sus compromisos respecto a ayudarlos a alcanzar los Objetivos de desarrollo sostenible.

África debe desarrollar rápidamente sus propios recursos, empezando por llegar a casi doblar sus ingresos fiscales. En toda el África subsahariana, los ingresos fiscales representan menos de una quinta parte del PIB, en comparación al tercio que representan en los países de la OCDE. Esto significa que hay mucho espacio para la mejora. Desde el año 1990 al 2004, por ejemplo, Ghana reformó su sistema fiscal y elevó sus ingresos desde el 11% al 22% del PIB. Se debe admitir que dicho avance es difícil; en Nigeria, vimos que podíamos incrementar los ingresos fiscales mediante el aumento de los ingresos relacionados al petróleo, pero tuvimos dificultades para concretar dicha oportunidad.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/atmvbnG/es;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now