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将非洲的线城市放在首位

约翰内斯堡—在最新发布的美世生活质量城市排名中,排名最高的非洲城市毛里求斯路易港,在总共231个城市中排名第83位。这似乎与更广泛的模式相符:在城市生活质量方面,非洲相比世界绝大多数其它地区都稍显落后。

非洲城市表现欠佳是对非洲大陆城市规划一种令人担忧的控诉,尤其考虑到那里的城市化正在快速发展,而无论其领袖是否制定了管理上述进程的计划。据经合组织统计,由于“据预测非洲将成为全世界城市增长速度最快的大陆,”截止2050年,“非洲城市将成为另外9.5亿人口的家。”鉴于上述趋势,非洲决策者迫切需要提高地区城市对国际投资者、商界人士和旅游者的吸引力,并且同时还要确保实现具有包容性的城市化。

但还有另一个关键趋势遭到了忽视:那就是非洲二线城市的重要性日益增加。非洲城市化不仅限于约翰内斯堡、金沙萨、内罗毕、喀土穆、卡萨布兰卡和大开罗等新兴大都市,截止2050年仅这些城市就将成为约3,800万民众的家。非洲的“中间城市”同样也得到了蓬勃发展,这些城市作为偏远农村地区和大型城市中心之间的联系而存在着。

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