Твердое черное золото Африки

ЛАГОС – Мало какие услуги инфраструктуры в развитом мире так же воспринимаются как должное, как электроэнергия. Для потребителей в промышленных странах непрерывное энергообеспечение является само собой разумеющимся. Но это не так в большей части Африки, которая испытывает один из крупнейших дефицитов энергии в мире, и где всего два из десяти человек имеют доступ к электричеству.

Согласно новому Региональному Экономическому Прогнозу для стран Африки, расположенных к югу от Сахары, подготовленному Международным Валютным Фондом, в одном только 2007 году почти две трети стран в регионе испытали острый энергетический кризис, отмеченный частыми и затяжными перебоями с электроэнергией.

В Африке нет недостатка в гидроэлектространциях для производства электроэнергии. Однако, многие из этих заводов не в состоянии успеть за быстрым приростом населения и сопутствующим увеличением спроса. Кроме того, они подвержены частой засухе, которая значительно сокращает их объем производства, превращая многие из них в немногим больше, чем декоративные ориентиры инфраструктуры. Стремительно растущее население в таких странах как Нигерия и Гана подразумевает большее извлечение водных ресурсов для производства электроэнергии. Быстрое расширение сельскохозяйственной деятельности требует все большего количества воды по всему континенту.

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