Line for UNICEF nutrition clinic in Nigeria Stefan Heunis/Stringer

L’extrême vulnérabilité de l’Afrique à l’extrémisme violent

ADDIS-ABEBA – C’est l’Afrique qui paie le plus lourd tribut de vies perdues, d’économies ruinées et de relations brisées par le terrorisme. C’est sur ce contient qu’Al-Qaida a lancé sa guerre contre les États-Unis en 1998, avec les attentats à la bombe des ambassades américaines de Nairobi, au Kenya, et de Dar es-Salaam, en Tanzanie ; c’est sur ce continent que Boko Haram a enlevé 276 lycéennes nigérianes en 2014 et que 147 étudiants ont été tués dans leur sommeil, à l’université de Garissa, au Kenya, en 2015.

Si ces attentats ont soulevé l’émotion de par le monde, la plupart des gens ignorent qu’au cours des cinq dernières années la violence liée au terrorisme a tué en Afrique 33 000 personnes. Cet extrémisme violent et les groupes qui le revendiquent menacent de réduire à néant les progrès de l’Afrique dans son développement et de la ramener en arrière, non seulement à court terme mais pour plusieurs décennies.

Si les pays d’Afrique sont particulièrement vulnérables aux idéologues violents, c’est parce que les institutions y sont trop souvent faibles et les territoires non gouvernés, où germent les groupes extrémistes, trop nombreux. Si l’on ajoute à cela une gestion défaillante de la diversité ethnique et religieuse dans une jeunesse majoritaire et de plus en plus nombreuse, au chômage et connectée, le continent offre les conditions idéales pour que le désordre s’y installe.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/7rHrZ89/fr;
  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.