Globe facing Africa

Proč potřebuje Afrika fosilní paliva

SANTIAGO – Pokud jde o energii, je Afrika “nejobnovitelnější“ kontinent na světě. V bohatém světě tvoří obnovitelné zdroje méně než desetinu celkových energetických zdrojů. 900 milionů lidí v subsaharské Africe (kromě Jihoafrické republiky) však získává 80% energie z obnovitelných zdrojů.

Zatímco v Evropě či USA využívají lidé na osobu v průměru 11 000 kWh za rok (většinu z toho díky průmyslovým procesům), v subsaharské Africe je to pouze 137 kWh – méně, než spotřebuje typická americká chladnička za čtyři měsíce. Více než 600 milionů lidí v Africe nemá k elektřině pak přístup vůbec.

Tohle vše není tím, že by Afrika byla zelená, ale proto, že je chudá. Zhruba 2% energetických potřeb kontinentu je pokryto hydro energií a 78% pokrývá nejstarší obnovitelný zdroj lidstva: dřevo. To vede k velkému odlesňování a smrtelnému znečištění vzduchu, které ročně zabije 1,3 milionu lidí.

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