Workers at Kinross Clothing manufacturers in Maitland RODGER BOSCH/AFP/Getty Images

非洲工业化路线图

阿比让—非洲正站在十字路口。今天,世界十个增长最快的经济体有六个在非洲,今年非洲GDP 增长预计将达4.1%,而2017年为3.6%。

但非洲经济增长并未带来相称的就业创造,这对妇女和年轻人的影响尤为消极。事实上,今天的无就业增长甚至可能抹杀近几年来所取得的减贫进展。

问题在于,非洲的增长虽然耀眼,但很不稳定,因为其主要系受到大宗商品价格高企而非制造业驱动。这一失衡的经济影响不可低估。它和其他因素一起导致了非洲产出全世界75%的可可,却只占近每年价值1,000亿美元的巧克力市场的5%。

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