malaria net Louise Gubb/Getty Images

Bersatu Melawan Malaria

LOMÉ/GABORONE – Disaat perempuan Afrika memimpin organisasi yang mempunyai pengaruh dan berbasis dampak, yaitu Ecobank Foundation dan African Leaders Malaria Alliance (ALMA) – kami berupaya untuk membangun perekonomian Afrika yang makmur, inklusif dan berkelanjutan. Namun untuk mencapai tujuan tersebut diperlukan percepatan pemberantasan penyakit yang terus menguras sumber daya paling berharga dalam komunitas kita, yaitu: kesehatan. Salah satu dari penyakit yang perlu diberantas adalah malaria.

Memang benar bahwa Afrika telah mencapai kemajuan akhir-akhir ini dalam upaya untuk melawan malaria. Sejak tahun 2010 hingga 2015, sebagai bagian dari Tujuan Pembangunan Millenium global, benua ini berhasil menurunkan tingkat penularan malaria (berdasarkan jumlah infeksi baru) sebesar 21% dan kematian akibat malaria sebesar 31%.

Namun malaria tetap menjadi ancaman serius bagi keejahteraan jutaan warga Afrika. Pada tahun 2015, diperkirakan terdapat 212 juta orang terjangkit malaria diseluruh dunia, dimana 47% dari jumlah tersebut terkonsentrasi di enam negara Afrika. Diperkirakan 429,000 orang – yang kebanyakan terdiri dari anak-anak dibawah usia lima tahun – meninggal akibat malaria pada tahun tersebut, dimana 92% dari jumlah kematian tersebut terjadi di Afrika dan 40% terjadi di dua negara, yaitu Nigeria dan Republik Demokratis Congo. Oleh karena itu, terdapat kebutuhan mendesak untuk mempercepat kemajuan – dan memberantas malaria untuk selamanya.     

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