Africa Water Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

El desafío hídrico de África

ABIYÁN – El agua es esencial para la vida, pero en muchas partes del mundo, es un recurso escaso. Por los efectos del cambio climático, África está sufriendo la peor sequía desde 1945, que afecta especialmente a Sudán del Sur, Somalia, Etiopía y el norte de Nigeria.

Estas frágiles áreas necesitan el apoyo de la comunidad internacional. Hay que crear sistemas robustos que den acceso seguro al agua potable a todas las personas y mejorar las medidas de suministro y saneamiento del agua en las cada vez más grandes áreas urbanas africanas.

El primer paso debe ser ampliar la capacidad de aprovechamiento de las aguas residuales en África. Con inversión y una gestión adecuada, las aguas residuales pueden convertirse en una fuente de ingresos sostenible para muchos africanos, con beneficios adicionales en materia de salud humana, productividad agrícola y sostenibilidad ambiental.

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