Afghanistans drogenfreundliche Umwelt

Afghanistans Präsident Hamid Karsai hat in den letzten Wochen seine Anstrengungen, international Geld zu beschaffen, erhöht, und versucht, von den Vereinigten Staaten ein neues Paket Militär- und Aufbauhilfe sowie stärkere strategische Garantien zu bekommen. Doch hat Karsais Verhältnis zu seinen Sponsoren angefangen, sich zu verschlechtern, teilweise aufgrund der Vorwürfe, dass seine Regierung es nicht geschafft hat, dem Wideraufleben des umfangreichen afghanischen Opiumhandels Einhalt zu gebieten.

Hinter dem Problem des Opiumhandels steckt eine andere Sicherheitsgefährdung, die seit dem Sturz des Taliban-Regimes durch die von den USA angeführte Invasion 2001 übersehen wird, trotz des großen Risikos, das sie für die langfristige Stabilität Afghanistans und der Region darstellt.

In Ländern wie Afghanistan, wo 80 % der Bevölkerung von dem leben, was sie anbauen, und viele Gemeinden weit entfernt von jeder Wasserquelle wohnen, können Umweltschäden sowohl wirtschaftlich verheerend als auch politisch folgenschwer sein. Diese Lektion hätten nicht zuletzt die amerikanischen Strategen gelernt und verstanden haben müssen, und zwar lange vor dem Fall der Taliban.

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