Доступная зеленая энергия

Один рецепт, который все быстрее передается из уст в уста, безусловно, разумен: мир должен резко сократить количество ежедневно выбрасываемых в атмосферу парниковых газов. В частности, мы говорили о том, чтобы на 50% сократить глобальные выбросы двуокиси углерода к середине века.

Даже его сторонники признают, что достигнуть этой цели будет нелегко ‑ и они правы. В действительности, они настолько правы, что ошибаются. Позвольте мне объяснить.

Наша зависимость от видов топлива, которые приводят к выбросам углекислого газа, более чем просто огромна. Она всеобъемлюща. Несмотря на все разговоры об энергии солнца, ветра и других разрекламированных зеленых источников, они составляют лишь 0,6% мирового потребления энергии. Возобновляемые источники энергии, в основном, получаются от сжигания ограниченных запасов древесины и биомассы в странах третьего мира. На ископаемые виды топлива приходится более четырех пятых энергетической диеты мира. Таким образом, в целях сокращения выбросов углерода в два раза к середине столетия, мы, безусловно, должны начать получать намного больше нашей энергии из источников, которые не выделяют углерода.

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