French attacks Joel Saget/Getty Images

Истоки евро-джихадизма

МАДРИД – Бельгийский историк Анри Пиренн объяснял рождение Европы как христианского континента в VIII веке её разрывом с исламом. Пиренн, наверное, и предположить не мог, что в Брюсселе возникнет мусульманское гетто и более того – центр джихадизма, в котором маргинальная, обозлённая мусульманская молодежь восстанет против Европы внутри её собственных границ.

Вариант развода сегодня не рассматривается. Но и вариант брака, в том виде, как его предлагает исламский учёный Тариком Рамаданом, тоже не приемлем. Рамадан, внук основателя движения «Братья-мусульмане» в Египте, является гражданином Швейцарии и резидентом в Великобритании. Он утверждает, что в европейскую систему надо вводить исламские идеалы и этику. В этом случае Европа станет не только терпима к исламу, но сделает его неотъемлемой частью самой себя.

Проблема с идеями Рамадана в том, что Европа является очень светским континентом, а её отношение к вопросам этики глубоко прогрессивно, нацелено на будущее. Напротив, исламские общества – крайне религиозны, они крепко увязли в прошлом. Когда исламисты начинают говорить о политической или социальной реформе, они обычно смотрят назад, надеясь возродить времена, когда ключевые европейские принципы – от гендерного равенства до гей-браков – ещё не признавались. Даже мусульмане, поддерживающие модернизацию ислама, обычно воздерживаются от обсуждения этических взглядов Европы.

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