401kcalculator.org/Flickr

El gran error sobre el crédito

LONDRES – Antes de que estallara la crisis financiera en 2008, el crédito privado en la mayoría de las economías desarrolladas creció más rápidamente que el PIB y después se desplomó. La de si aquel descenso reflejó una demanda escasa de crédito o una oferta limitada puede parecer una cuestión técnica, pero la respuesta encierra importantes consecuencias para las autoridades y para las perspectivas de crecimiento económico y la reacción de aquéllas probablemente sea errónea.

La opinión predominante ha solido subrayar las limitaciones de la oferta y las políticas necesarias para resolverlas. Según se afirma, un sistema bancario dañado priva a las empresas, en particular las pequeñas y medianas (PYME), de los fondos que necesitan para ampliarse. En septiembre de 2008, el Presidente de los Estados Unidos George W. Bush quería “que los bancos contaran con todos los medios para reanudar la corriente de crédito destinado a las familias y las empresas americanas.”

Las pruebas de solvencia y las recapitalizaciones de los bancos de los EE.UU. llevadas a cabo en 2009 fueron aclamadas posteriormente por considerárselas decisivas para la recuperación tanto del sistema bancario como de la economía. En cambio, las  insuficientemente rigurosas pruebas de solvencia llevadas a cabo en 2010 por el Banco Central Europeo recibieron un vapuleo generalizado por haber mantenido unos bancos de la zona del euro demasiado débiles para facilitar un crédito suficiente.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/LJ3vLQA/es;
  1. Chris J Ratcliffe/Getty Images

    The Brexit Surrender

    European Union leaders meeting in Brussels have given the go-ahead to talks with Britain on post-Brexit trade relations. But, as European Council President Donald Tusk has said, the most difficult challenge – forging a workable deal that secures broad political support on both sides – still lies ahead.

  2. The Great US Tax Debate

    ROBERT J. BARRO vs. JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS on the impact of the GOP tax  overhaul.


    • Congressional Republicans are finalizing a tax-reform package that will reshape the business environment by lowering the corporate-tax rate and overhauling deductions. 

    • But will the plan's far-reaching changes provide the boost to investment and growth that its backers promise?


    ROBERT J. BARRO | How US Corporate Tax Reform Will Boost Growth

    JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS | Robert Barro's Tax Reform Advocacy: A Response

  3. Murdoch's Last Stand?

    Rupert Murdoch’s sale of 21st Century Fox’s entertainment assets to Disney for $66 billion may mark the end of the media mogul’s career, which will long be remembered for its corrosive effect on democratic discourse on both sides of the Atlantic. 

    From enabling the rise of Donald Trump to hacking the telephone of a murdered British schoolgirl, Murdoch’s media empire has staked its success on stoking populist rage.

  4. Bank of England Leon Neal/Getty Images

    The Dangerous Delusion of Price Stability

    Since the hyperinflation of the 1970s, which central banks were right to combat by whatever means necessary, maintaining positive but low inflation has become a monetary-policy obsession. But, because the world economy has changed dramatically since then, central bankers have started to miss the monetary-policy forest for the trees.

  5. Harvard’s Jeffrey Frankel Measures the GOP’s Tax Plan

    Jeffrey Frankel, a professor at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and a former member of President Bill Clinton’s Council of Economic Advisers, outlines the five criteria he uses to judge the efficacy of tax reform efforts. And in his view, the US Republicans’ most recent offering fails miserably.

  6. A box containing viles of human embryonic Stem Cell cultures Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images

    The Holy Grail of Genetic Engineering

    CRISPR-Cas – a gene-editing technique that is far more precise and efficient than any that has come before it – is poised to change the world. But ensuring that those changes are positive – helping to fight tumors and mosquito-borne illnesses, for example – will require scientists to apply the utmost caution.

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now