心不在焉的杀戮者

作为一个物种,人类存在很大的自我控制问题。我们人类现在全世界所有的地方如此大肆捕鱼、打猎、采伐和种植作物,乃至我们实际上在把其他物种从地球上驱赶出去。我们极度想要从大自然中索取所有我们可以索取的东西,留给其他生物种类的东西少之又少。

在1992年世界各国政府第一次保证解决人为全球气候变暖的时候,他们同时还誓言阻止由人类引发的其他物种的灭绝。在里约热内卢通过的生物多样性公约确认“生物多样性是人类的共同关切问题。”签署国们同意通过挽救物种及其栖息地来保全生物多样性,并且以可持续的方式使用生物资源(例如森林)。2002年,该公约的签署国们更进一步,承诺在2010年以前“大幅度削减目前的生物多样性损失”。

不幸的是,就像其他如此众多的国际公约一样,生物多样性公约基本上不为人所知,没有得到宣传促进,也没有得到落实。这一疏忽是人类的悲剧。只需要很少的现金投入,甚至在根本上不需要花钱,我们就本能够保全自然,并且进而保护人类自身生命和生计的基础。我们并非是出于必须才杀戮其他物种,而是我们过于疏忽,乃至不改弦更张。

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