Ohledání Jukosu

Jukos, kdysi přední ruská ropná společnost a miláček mezinárodních investorů, je ve smrtelné křeči. V aukci, již mnozí považovali za zmanipulovanou, byla nejlepší aktiva společnosti odprodána dříve neznámému zájemci a dnes už jsou zpět v rukou ruského státu. Skořápka toho, co zbylo, nadále protestuje proti osudu společnosti, zejména v soudní síni v texaském Houstonu. Tyto křeče ale mrtvolu nevzkřísí. O co teď běží je to, zda ruské hospodářství bude sdílet osud Jukosu.

Újma, již aféra kolem Jukosu způsobila vyhlídkám ruského hospodářského růstu, se ještě může ukázat jako dočasná, nedojde-li k opakování u dalších firem. Zda se však aféra ukáže jako ojedinělý případ, jak tvrdí Kreml, závisí na výkladu motivů ruského prezidenta Vladimíra Putina.

Jednou možností je, že Putin svůj cíl zdvojnásobit během deseti let ruský HDP nemyslí upřímně. Nedávné průzkumy veřejného mínění naznačují, že právě to je názor většiny cynické ruské veřejnosti. Z tohoto pohledu byly privatizace 90. let podvodem, který jen posloužil mocipánům.

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