Мир оттенков серого

КАНБЕРРА. Вацлав Гавел, чешский драматург и диссидент, ставший президентом, и северокорейский деспот Ким Чен Ир, похоже, жили на разных планетах, – настолько сильно отличалось их отношение к человеческому достоинству, правам и демократии. Когда они умерли в этом месяце с разницей всего в один день, журналистам всего мира было трудно устоять перед контрастом: принц света из Праги и принц тьмы из Пхеньяна.

Но не стоит забывать о том, что тот принцип манихейского разделения личностей на добрых и злых, которому были явно подвержены бывший президент США Джордж Буш-младший и бывший премьер-министр Великобритании Тони Блэр и который в некоторой степени возродился в последние дни, несет в себе две больших опасности для мировых политиков.

Первая опасность заключается в том, что подобное мышление ограничивает варианты эффективных действий в отношении тех, кто причислен к неисправимым злодеям. Провал возглавлявшегося США вторжения в Ирак в 2003 г. должен был показать нам раз и навсегда опасность разговора только через дуло оружия с теми, чье поведение нам отвратительно.

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