Можем ли мы накормить мир?

ЛОНДОН. В 1960-х гг. благодаря «зеленой революции», включавшей в себя разработку высокоурожайных разновидностей зерновых, расширение ирригационной инфраструктуры и распространение современных удобрений и пестицидов в развивающихся странах, сельскохозяйственное производство улучшилось во всем мире. Но хронический голод по-прежнему распространен, в особенности в развивающихся странах, которые больше остальных страдают от недостаточных урожаев и колебаний цен на продукты питания.

Ожидается, что к 2050 г. мировое население превысит 9 миллиардов человек. Для достижения продовольственной безопасности необходимо обеспечить для всех людей постоянную доступность недорогих полезных питательных веществ вопреки ограниченности земли и воды, изменению климата и росту преобладания ресурсоемкого рациона западного стиля, сопровождающего рост доходов.

Преодолеть данные проблемы будет непросто. Но, предприняв согласованные действия для стимулирования новаторства, укрепления рыночных связей и поддержания мелких фермеров и женщин, развивающиеся страны могут построить производительные, стабильные, устойчивые и регулируемые с/х секторы, добиться устойчивого экономического роста и гарантировать продовольственную безопасность для всех.

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