Jon Krause

环球图书馆

墨尔本——一座网罗一切书面资料的环球图书馆早已是学者们的梦想。2004年,谷歌宣布将开始数字化扫描五大研究图书馆的全部馆藏。突然间,乌托邦式的图书馆似乎已触手可及。

事实上,环球数字图书馆比此前思想家们想象的还要美好,因为任何人在任何地点、任何时间都可以查阅任何著作。而且图书馆可能不仅涵盖书籍和文章,还收录绘画、音乐、电影和能以数字形式捕获的所有其他形式的创意表达。

但是谷歌的计划有一个漏洞。那些研究图书馆馆藏的多数作品版权限制依然生效。谷歌说不管版权状况如何,它都将扫描整部书籍,但搜索版权书籍内容的用户只能看到这本书的片段内容。谷歌说这种方法“公平合理”,版权法也有类似的规定,可以从版权书籍中引用一两句话用于评论和探讨。

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  1. Chris J Ratcliffe/Getty Images

    The Brexit Surrender

    European Union leaders meeting in Brussels have given the go-ahead to talks with Britain on post-Brexit trade relations. But, as European Council President Donald Tusk has said, the most difficult challenge – forging a workable deal that secures broad political support on both sides – still lies ahead.

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    ROBERT J. BARRO | How US Corporate Tax Reform Will Boost Growth

    JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS | Robert Barro's Tax Reform Advocacy: A Response

  3. Murdoch's Last Stand?

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    From enabling the rise of Donald Trump to hacking the telephone of a murdered British schoolgirl, Murdoch’s media empire has staked its success on stoking populist rage.

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  5. Harvard’s Jeffrey Frankel Measures the GOP’s Tax Plan

    Jeffrey Frankel, a professor at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and a former member of President Bill Clinton’s Council of Economic Advisers, outlines the five criteria he uses to judge the efficacy of tax reform efforts. And in his view, the US Republicans’ most recent offering fails miserably.

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    The Holy Grail of Genetic Engineering

    CRISPR-Cas – a gene-editing technique that is far more precise and efficient than any that has come before it – is poised to change the world. But ensuring that those changes are positive – helping to fight tumors and mosquito-borne illnesses, for example – will require scientists to apply the utmost caution.

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

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