Si v Rusku

MOSKVA – Atmosféra obklopující chystanou cestu Si Ťin-pchinga do Ruska – jeho první zahraniční návštěvu v postavení čínského prezidenta – mi připomíná heslo z dob mého dětství na konci 50. let: „Rusko a Čína, věčné přátelství.“ Je ironií, že čínsko-ruské vztahy se už za vrcholných dob tohoto sloganu rychle zhoršovaly, což necelých deset let nato vyvrcholilo bitevními křečemi podél řeky Amur na Sibiři. Je dnes onen slogan přiléhavější?

Když Čína otevřela svou ekonomiku a ze Sovětského svazu vzešlo Rusko, bilaterální vztahy vstoupily do nového stadia. Převažuje vstřícnost, ale něco ze staré podezřívavosti přetrvává – a v něčem se ještě nově rozšířila.

Od Siovy návštěvy se neočekává, že by přinesla nějaký průlom. Lze předpokládat několik dohod o exportu ruských uhlovodíků, ale nic moc dalšího. Návštěva nicméně zdůrazní několik důležitých rysů tohoto bilaterálního vztahu.

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