Thajské jaro?

BANGKOK – Převratné výsledky všeobecných thajských voleb z 3. července budou připadat povědomé každému, kdo sledoval politická vzedmutí na Blízkém východě a v severní Africe. Etablované režimy všude na světě se nacházejí pod enormním tlakem v důsledku pokroků v informačních technologiích, demografických přesunů, rostoucích očekávání a zpozdilosti měřítek z období studené války. Při absenci ochoty a schopnosti použít násilnou represi lze přežití určitého režimu zajistit pouze prostřednictvím ústupků, přizpůsobování se a periodické sebeobnovy.

Výsledky nejnovějších thajských voleb s 47 miliony voličů a volební účastí 75% představují rozhodující výzvu pro dávno etablovaný režim v zemi. Strana Puea Thai pod vedením Jinglak Šinavatrové, nejmladší sestry exilovaného bývalého premiéra Tchaksina Šinavatry, si zajistila drtivé vítězství, když v pětisetčlenném parlamentu získala 265 křesel, zatímco vládnoucí Demokratická strana jich obsadila pouhých 159.

Návrat strany Puea Thai k moci je výjimečný – a nejen proto, že Jinglak bude první ženou, která v Thajsku usedne do premiérského křesla. Soudy nakloněné establishmentu rozpustily dvě předchozí vlády této strany a na pět let zakázaly jejím čelním politikům zastávat veřejný úřad.

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