Звезда в тюрьме

Бангкок – дискредитированный бывший президент Филиппин Джозеф Эстрада находится перед перспективой пожизненного заключения после того, как специальный суд в Маниле признал его виновным в незаконном присвоении около 15 миллионов долларов США в виде взяток и откатов. За 30 месяцев своего нахождения у власти с середины 1998 до начала 2001 года Эстрада принимал взятки от магнатов игорного бизнеса и организовал (при участии фондов социального страхования) продажи акций, направляя большую часть прибыли на свои личные счета.

Эстрада в буквальном смысле дал определение незаконному присвоению государственной собственности: как сенатор в начале 1990-х годов он был членом конгресса, принявшего закон, по которому он и был осужден. Для многих филиппинцев в этом факте больше чем достаточно поэзии и уж точно больше иронии, чем в комедиях Эстрады 1960-х годов.

Нельзя преуменьшить важность единодушного решения суда осудить первого президента Филиппин, когда-либо подвергнувшегося уголовному преследованию. В конце-концов, это Филиппины, где Имельде Маркос до сих пор живется легко и свободно. Несмотря на повсеместные доказательства нищеты, страданий и дисфункции, которые она и ее покойный супруг – диктатор Фердинанд Маркос – принесли стране, ее единственным реальным разочарованием с тех пор было поражение на последних президентских выборах, в которых ей разрешили принимать участие.

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