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Научный подход к «Целям устойчивого развития»

ПАРИЖ – Самым свежим примером общественной поддержки науки стал недавний марш десятков тысяч людей во всём мире, которые выступили в защиту такого взгляда на мир, который основан на фактах, а не на фантазиях. Они понимают: наука действительно может спасти мир, потому что она помогает нам решать сложнейшие проблемы в сфере здоровья и развития.

Эти проблемы находятся в центре программы ООН «Цели устойчивого развития», которую международное сообщество одобрило в 2015 году, с тем чтобы к 2030 году наша планета стала более процветающей, справедливой и здоровой. Целей устойчивого развития (ЦУР) всего 17, и они включают в себя 169 конкретных задач. ЦУР – это амбициозный план решения всех проблем, начиная с гендерного равенства и заканчивая устойчивостью городов и изменением климата. В целом, это инклюзивная концепция устойчивого развития для XXI века.

Однако такая всеохватность достигается за счёт эффективности. Лишь немногие способны перечислить все ЦУР, а уж тем более объяснить, как именно каждая страна сможет достичь их в течение ближайших 13 лет. Эксперты во всём мире (в том числе и те, кто на этой неделе собрался в Нью-Йорке на Конференцию ООН по океанам) ломают голову над конкретными задачами или целями. Однако наиболее сложной проблемой остаётся интеграция всех этих усилий. Для того чтобы наши лидеры смогли сделать мир таким, как он задуман в ЦУР, реальностью, им понадобится дорожная карта для навигации по непростой территории политических решений.

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