Dean Rohrer

Восстановление отношений на Кавказе

ЕРЕВАН. Станут ли сегодняшние разногласия между турецким премьер-министром Реджепом Тайипом Эрдоганом и влиятельной армией этой страны причиной осложнения или задержки самых смелых инициатив Турции за последние годы, а именно, шагов по снятию давней напряжённости в отношениях с армянами и курдами?

Реструктуризация роли турецкой армии имеет решающее значение, но если Турция не сможет продолжить нормализацию отношений с армянами и курдами, то ситуация внутри самой Турции, её отношения с данными двумя народами, а также напряжённость на Кавказе, несомненно, усугубятся. Среди нескольких очагов напряжённости в регионе, в том числе между Грузией и Россией по поводу Южной Осетии и Абхазии, напряжённость между Арменией и Азербайджаном по поводу Нагорного Карабаха является одной из самых серьёзных.

В случае Грузии и России, несоразмерность территории, политического влияния и военной мощи в пользу одной из сторон являются достаточными факторами, сдерживающими возвращение к применению силы. К тому же, в данной ситуации отсутствуют какие-либо союзы, которые могли бы осложнить положение. Грузия не является членом НАТО, а Соединённые Штаты, конечно же, не станут воевать с Россией из-за Грузии.

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