免疫最前沿

马普托—关于莫桑比克的消息大多不会好——贫困、疾病、冲突,还有洪水。但我的祖国并不缺乏好事发生。

过去二十年来,莫桑比克已成为运转良好的民主国家,其农业部门有了成长,其识字率有了提高,其农村水电供应有所增加,其儿童死亡率大幅下降。1990年,即内战结束前的倒数第二年,每1000名初生儿有219名会夭折;而到了2010年,这一数字下降至135人。最后一个成就令我感到尤其自豪,因为,我和我的莫桑比克免疫推广工作同事一直在努力,我认为我们对这一成就做出了贡献。

在我长大的年代,莫桑比克仍由葡萄牙人统治,殖民地社会的不平等性使我形成了一种观念,所有人都有权获得健康和医疗。我还记得我十来岁的时候在儿科病房工作,常常目睹儿童因小儿麻痹症、麻疹和破伤风丧命,而这些疾病可以简单地通过疫苗预防。这一经历所造成的影响让我在此后40年中致力于确保莫桑比克的每一个孩子,不管他出身何族、身在何处,都能获得他所需要的、能给他带来健康长命的疫苗。

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