Президент на скамье подсудимых

НЬЮ-ЙОРК – Волнение, вызванное решением Международного уголовного суда (МУС) по привлечению президента Судана Омара аль-Башира к ответственности за военные преступления и преступления против человечества в Дарфуре, является в некоторой степени неожиданным. В конце концов, МУС сам по себе не располагает никакой возможностью арестовать кого-либо в Судане, тем более главу государства, стоящего во главе вооружённых сил страны. Также не приходится ожидать чьего-либо ещё вмешательства для совершения ареста. Несмотря на уверенность главного прокурора МУС Луиса Морено-Окампо в том, что Башир будет привлечён к ответственности, как именно это будет сделано, остаётся неясным. Однако такая возможность существует.      

Несмотря на кажущееся бессилие МУС, главы многих государств прикладывают все усилия к тому, чтобы задержать обвинение. Кажется, они не столько озабочены несправедливостью обвинения, сколько стремятся продемонстрировать солидарность с коллегой.

Среди тех, кто выступает против попыток привлечь Башира к суду, находятся крупные блоки стран, входящих в состав Организации исламской конференции и Африканского союза, а также такие мощные государства, как Китай и Россия. Можно только догадываться, не является ли мотивом некоторых из тех, кто присоединился к этим протестам, опасение, что им самим в один прекрасный день будут предъявлены обвинения, подобные тем, которые были выдвинуты против Башира судьями МУС. 

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