Prezident na lavici obžalovaných

NEW YORK – Rozruch vyvolaný rozhodnutím Mezinárodního trestního soudu (ICC) obžalovat prezidenta Súdánu Umara al-Bašíra z válečných zločinů a zločinů proti lidskosti v Dárfúru je v jistém smyslu překvapením. Soud koneckonců nemá vlastní prostředky k tomu, aby v Súdánu někoho zatýkal, tím méně pak hlavu státu, která stojí v čele ozbrojených sil země. Stejně tak neexistuje vyhlídka, že by někdo v Súdánu zasáhl a realizoval prezidentovo zatčení. Hlavní žalobce ICC Luis Moreno-Ocampo sice vyjadřuje přesvědčení, že al-Bašír neujde spravedlnosti, avšak není jasné, jak k tomu dojde. Dojít by k tomu však mohlo.

Navzdory zdánlivé bezzubosti ICC vynakládají předsedové vlád a prezidenti mnoha zemí značné úsilí, aby obžalobu zablokovali. Jejich znepokojení přitom nepramení z názoru, že obžaloba je nespravedlivá – spíše jako by dávali najevo solidaritu s kolegou v čele státu.

Mezi ty, kdo odsuzují snahu postavit al-Bašíra před soud, patří nejen velké bloky členských zemí Organizace islámské konference a Africké unie, ale i mocné státy jako Čína nebo Rusko. Lze se jen dohadovat, zda některé z těch, kdo se na tomto odporu podílejí, nemotivuje obava, že by i oni sami mohli jednoho dne čelit obžalobám podobným těm, které proti al-Bašírovi vznesli soudci ICC.

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