A New US Agenda for Latin America

CIUDAD DE MEXICO – Al próximo presidente norteamericano no le resultará una tarea sencilla remediar el embrollo internacional heredado de la administración Bush. Si bien América latina no será una prioridad ni para la administración de Obama ni para la de McCain, seguir con la desatención de los últimos siete años por parte de Estados Unidos ya no es viable.

Se destacan dos desafíos político-diplomáticos diferentes: la inminente transición o crisis de sucesión de Cuba y el continuo ascenso de las "dos izquierdas" de la región, una representada por el presidente Hugo Chávez de Venezuela y la otra, por el cada vez más influyente presidente Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva de Brasil. La próxima administración norteamericana sólo resultará exitosa si entiende que América latina está atravesando un período que combina los mejores y los peores aspectos de su historia: el más rápido crecimiento económico desde los años 1970, con una reducción de la pobreza y la desigualdad, y una actitud más democrática y respetuosa de los derechos humanos que en cualquier momento antes, pero cada vez más polarizada políticamente.

En Cuba, el eventual alejamiento de Fidel Castro de la escena representa un inmenso desafío. Estados Unidos no puede seguir adelante con las políticas fallidas del pasado medio siglo. Exigir una transición democrática con todas las de la ley como prerrequisito para normalizar las relaciones norteamericano-cubanas no es realista y a América latina le resulta indigestible. Sin embargo, Estados Unidos no puede dejar de lado la cuestión de la democracia y los derechos humanos en Cuba mientras espera la partida del hermano de Fidel, Raúl.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/ELgafLJ/es;
  1. Chris J Ratcliffe/Getty Images

    The Brexit Surrender

    European Union leaders meeting in Brussels have given the go-ahead to talks with Britain on post-Brexit trade relations. But, as European Council President Donald Tusk has said, the most difficult challenge – forging a workable deal that secures broad political support on both sides – still lies ahead.

  2. The Great US Tax Debate

    ROBERT J. BARRO vs. JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS on the impact of the GOP tax  overhaul.


    • Congressional Republicans are finalizing a tax-reform package that will reshape the business environment by lowering the corporate-tax rate and overhauling deductions. 

    • But will the plan's far-reaching changes provide the boost to investment and growth that its backers promise?


    ROBERT J. BARRO | How US Corporate Tax Reform Will Boost Growth

    JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS | Robert Barro's Tax Reform Advocacy: A Response

  3. Murdoch's Last Stand?

    Rupert Murdoch’s sale of 21st Century Fox’s entertainment assets to Disney for $66 billion may mark the end of the media mogul’s career, which will long be remembered for its corrosive effect on democratic discourse on both sides of the Atlantic. 

    From enabling the rise of Donald Trump to hacking the telephone of a murdered British schoolgirl, Murdoch’s media empire has staked its success on stoking populist rage.

  4. Bank of England Leon Neal/Getty Images

    The Dangerous Delusion of Price Stability

    Since the hyperinflation of the 1970s, which central banks were right to combat by whatever means necessary, maintaining positive but low inflation has become a monetary-policy obsession. But, because the world economy has changed dramatically since then, central bankers have started to miss the monetary-policy forest for the trees.

  5. Harvard’s Jeffrey Frankel Measures the GOP’s Tax Plan

    Jeffrey Frankel, a professor at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and a former member of President Bill Clinton’s Council of Economic Advisers, outlines the five criteria he uses to judge the efficacy of tax reform efforts. And in his view, the US Republicans’ most recent offering fails miserably.

  6. A box containing viles of human embryonic Stem Cell cultures Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images

    The Holy Grail of Genetic Engineering

    CRISPR-Cas – a gene-editing technique that is far more precise and efficient than any that has come before it – is poised to change the world. But ensuring that those changes are positive – helping to fight tumors and mosquito-borne illnesses, for example – will require scientists to apply the utmost caution.

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now