Новый старт для режима нераспространения ядерного оружия

ВЕНА - Американский президент Барак Обама дал новый импульс, направленный на ядерное разоружение, тем усилиям, которые буксуют уже многие десятилетия. Он видит мир свободным от ядерного оружия и признает связь между нераспространением ядерного оружия и разоружением ядерных государств.

Обама дал торжественное обещание оживить Договор о нераспространении ядерного оружия (ДНЯО) 1970 года, который нацелен на предотвращение распространения ядерного оружия. Режим нераспространения, в котором ДНЯО является краеугольным камнем, находится в полном упадке. Определить главные проблемы довольно легко.

Во-первых, пять основных ядерных государств не отнеслись серьезно к своим обязательствам по ДНЯО в вопросах ядерного разоружения. Вместо этого они настаивали на том, что ядерное оружие имеет огромное значение для их безопасности, и продолжали модернизировать свои ядерные арсеналы. Естественно, это лишает их морального права убеждать другие страны не овладевать ядерным оружием, которое продолжает восприниматься как источник власти и влияния, а также является страховым полисом от нападения.

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