Новая модель НАТО

Берлин – НАТО необходима новая стратегия. Мы, пятеро бывших командующих штабами, недавно опубликовали брошюру, содержащую предложения по данной новой стратегии, а также исчерпывающий план изменений.

Зачем нужна новая стратегия? Текущая «стратегическая концепция» НАТО была принята в 1999 г., но с тех пор мир сильно изменился. В те времена НАТО представляло собой региональный альянс, основной задачей которого являлась защита договорной территории путём ответного реагирования на нападения. Но реагирования уже не достаточно: сегодняшняя важнейшая задача заключается в предотвращении кризисов, вооружённых конфликтов и войн, что может потребовать использования другого способа первичного реагирования, нежели военные действия.

К тому же, в 2002 г. на конференции в Праге НАТО приняло решение о том, что впредь будет действовать «там, где это необходимо», и тем самым отказалось от ограничения действовать лишь от обороны на договорной территории. Наконец, несмотря на то, что уроки, выученные после террористических атак 11 сентября 2001 г., говорят о том, что ни один из сегодняшних конфликтов не может быть решён одними только военными средствами, НАТО использует исключительно только военные средства. Таким образом, любая эффективная будущая стратегия НАТО должна включать в себя разработку и применение иных средств разрешения конфликтов.

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