Un nouveau concept stratégique pour l'OTAN

Berlin – L'OTAN a besoin d'une nouvelle stratégie. Nous sommes cinq anciens chefs d'état major qui avons récemment publié un rapport comportant des propositions pour une nouvelle stratégie, ainsi qu'un programme complet des changements à faire au sein de l'alliance.

Pourquoi une nouvelle stratégie ? Le "concept stratégique" actuel de l'OTAN date de 1999, mais depuis le monde a considérablement évolué. A cette époque, l'OTAN était une alliance régionale rassemblée essentiellement autour d'une défense réactive de la zone du Traité. Mais une réaction est aujourd'hui insuffisante, l'urgence est dans la prévention des crises, des conflits armés et des guerres, ce qui peut nécessiter une réaction initiale autre qu'une action militaire.

Par ailleurs, lors de sa conférence de 2002 à Prague, l'OTAN a convenu d'agir là "où ce serait nécessaire", abandonnant ainsi la restriction imposée aux actes de défense de la zone du Traité. Finalement, si les attentats du 11 septembre donnent à penser qu'aucun des conflits actuels ne peut être résolu exclusivement par des moyens militaires, or ceux de l'OTAN sont exclusivement militaires. C'est pourquoi, pour être efficace, toute nouvelle stratégie de l'OTAN doit inclure le développement et l'application de nouveaux outils.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in

  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now