Новый священный союз?

Лондон -- Состоявшаяся недавно в Ватикане встреча «хранителей святых мест» короля Саудовской Аравии Абдуллы и Папы Римского Бенедикта XVI была конструктивным событием, особенно потому, что произошла в то время, когда радикально настроенные мусульмане осуждают роль «крестоносцев» в ближневосточной политике. Она также была самым явным признаком возникающего «священного союза» между консервативными мировыми лидерами. Ибо главной аудиторией этой встречи мусульманского короля и понтифика Римской католической церкви были не их последователи, а еще один консервативный лидер – президент Джордж Буш.

Первый «священный союз» был делом рук австрийского принца Меттерниха после окончания наполеоновских войн. Он представлял собой попытку сохранить мир (и безопасность сравнительно слабой Австрийской империи) путем создания коалиции победителей, разделяющих общие ценности.

«Священный союз» Меттерниха был единственной оригинальной политической идеей, возникшей в результате поражения Наполеона. За ее возвышенным названием скрывалась новая идея огромной дипломатической важности: введение элемента сознательного морального сдерживания в международные отношения. Заинтересованность членов союза – Австрии, Пруссии и России – в сохранении своих внутренних институтов заставила их искать пути избежания конфликтов, на которые в прошлом они пошли бы, не задумываясь.

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