Paul Lachine

Nová evropská růstová agenda

BRUSEL – Evropskou hospodářskou a finanční krizi nemohou vyřešit samotné úspory. Se stejnou vervou je nutné prosazovat růst a pracovní příležitosti. Lídři Evropské unie si to dnes uvědomují: nastartování růstu v roce 2012 patřilo k předním bodům na programu schůzky Evropské rady, která proběhla 30. ledna. Nelehká otázka ale zůstává: jak postupovat?

Nutnost bezodkladného jednání je jasná. V posledních třech měsících roku 2011 se ekonomika eurozóny smršťovala, což platí i pro Německo. Nový rok vypadá pochmurně. Francie stagnuje (a Británie rovněž). Itálie a Španělsko se propadly do hluboké recese. Řecko je v depresi už pátým rokem. Nezaměstnanost je přitom v eurozóně rekordně vysoká, přičemž ve Španělsku a Řecku je bez práce téměř každý druhý mladý člověk.

Ekonomické protivětry jsou zdrcující: fiskální úspory, vysoké úrokové sazby mimo země s hodnocením AAA, osekávání úvěrů ze strany bank, domácnosti snižující zadluženost, slabé investice soukromého sektoru a ubývající vývozy v důsledku globálního zpomalení, které oslabuje poptávku.

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