Paul Lachine

Нация «видиотов»

НЬЮ-ЙОРК. Прошлые полвека были эрой электронных средств массовой информации. Телевидение изменило общество во всех уголках мира. Теперь к телевизору прибавляется взрыв новых информационных устройств: DVD-проигрывателей, компьютеров, игровых приставок, смартфонов и многих других. Растущая совокупность доказательств говорит о том, что распространение данных средств информации имеет бесчисленные пагубные последствия.

США ввели мир в телевизионную эру, и можно увидеть абсолютно очевидные предпосылки длительной любовной связи Америки с тем, что известный американский писатель-фантаст Харлан Эллисон незабываемо назвал «стеклянным соском». В 1950 г. менее чем у 8% американских семей был телевизор; к 1960 г. телевизор был у 90% американских семей. На достижение подобного уровня проникновения в других странах потребовалось на несколько десятилетий больше, а беднейшие страны до сих пор не достигли такого уровня.

Чего и следовало ожидать, американцы стали самыми главными зрителями телевидения, что, вероятно, верно и по сей день, хотя имеющиеся на этот счёт данные несколько поверхностны и неполны. Наиболее надёжные свидетельства говорят о том, что американцы смотрят телевизор, в среднем, более пяти часов в день – это поразительное количество времени, учитывая, что ещё несколько часов в день проводятся ими перед другими видеоустройствами. В других странах просмотр телевизора занимает гораздо меньше времени. В Скандинавии, к примеру, время, проводимое у телевизора, примерно вдвое меньше соответствующего среднего показателя в США.

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