La desigualdad y un futuro de privaciones

BERKELEY – No importa qué indicadores económicos consideremos, esta es una época de desilusión. En Estados Unidos, el 7,2 % de la fuerza laboral disponible está ociosa; la brecha del empleo aumenta en Europa y se prevé que superará a la estadounidense para fines de este año. Es importante entonces dar un paso atrás y recordarnos que la «década perdida» que actualmente sufrimos no constituye nuestro destino económico de largo plazo.

Como nos lo recordara recientemente Paul Krugman, tal vez haya sido John Maynard Keynes quien mejor lo describió:

«Esta es una pesadilla que desaparecerá en la mañana. Ya que los recursos de la naturaleza y los dispositivos humanos son tan fértiles y productivos como antes. Nuestros avances para solucionar los problemas materiales de la vida no han perdido velocidad. Somos tan capaces como antes de lograr que un elevado nivel de vida para todos –elevado respecto del de, digamos, hace 20 años– y pronto aprenderemos a alcanzar un nivel todavía más alto. No habíamos sido defraudados antes. Pero hoy nos hemos sumergido en un enredo colosal, nos equivocamos en el control de una delicada máquina, cuyo funcionamiento no comprendemos. El resultado es podemos desperdiciar nuestras posibilidades de riqueza durante un tiempo».

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