Liga demokracií?

LONDÝN – Americký senátor a republikánský kandidát na prezidenta John McCain vyzývá k vytvoření „Ligy demokracií“. Toto nové mezinárodní uskupení by disponovalo působivým vojenským potenciálem, založeném dílem na NATO, dílem na „novém čtyřstranném bezpečnostním partnerství“ v Pacifiku mezi Austrálií, Indií, Japonskem a USA. Ani Rusko, ani Čína by samozřejmě přizvány nebyly: vždyť McCain chce Rusko vyloučit z G8.

Liga je nezbytná, argumentuje McCain, protože v záležitostech, jež jsou pro USA životně důležité, jako například boj proti islámskému terorismu, humanitární intervence a šíření svobody, demokracie a volných trhů, musejí být USA a jejich demokratičtí partneři schopni jednat bez souhlasu Organizace spojených národů (tedy Ruska a Číny). Jinými slovy, hlavním záměrem Ligy je odsunout v celosvětových záležitostech Rusko a Čínu na okraj.

Nejzávažnější výtkou McCainovu plánu je, že by rozpoutal novou studenou válku mezi státy zaškatulkovanými jako demokracie a autokracie. To je nejen nebezpečné, ale i nedomyšlené. Rusko a Čína „svobodný svět“ sotva „ohrožují“ mocnou ideologií a rozsáhlými ozbrojenými silami tak jako během studené války. Navíc platí, že ohledně toho, jak se vypořádat s islámským terorismem či genocidou v Dárfúru, jsou rozdělené samotné světové demokracie: byla to ostatně Francie, kdo v Radě bezpečnosti OSN stál v čele opozice vůči americké invazi do Iráku.

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