Суд по правам человека для Африки

Один из ключевых уроков, который должен быть извлечен из многолетнего опыта существования международных судов и трибуналов, заключается в том, что, хотя инициатива в таких случаях имеет решающее значение, не менее важно сделать все правильно с самого начала.

25 января 2004 года без лишней помпы была отмечена важная веха в истории защиты прав человека в Африке: вошел в силу Протокол об учреждении Африканского суда по защите прав человека и народов. После Европы и Америки, в Африке будет учрежден третий в мире региональный суд для борьбы с нарушениями прав человека.

Принятие Протокола в прошлом году такими влиятельными африканскими странами, как Алжир, Южная Африка и Ливия, дало неожиданный завершающий стимул для учреждения Суда, а критический порог ратификации Протокола пятнадцатью странами был достигнут незадолго до нового года, когда под ним подписались Коморские Острова. Но наиболее важную роль Суд, вероятно, сыграет в контроле над ситуацией в области прав человека в таких странах, как Бурунди, Кот-д'Ивуар, Руанда и Уганда, ратифицировавших Протокол.

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