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NEW YORK – Les grands changements sociaux se produisent de plusieurs manières. Une percée technique, le moteur à vapeur, les ordinateurs, l’Internet peuvent y jouer un rôle prépondérant. Des visionnaires, comme Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Luther King Jr. et Nelson Mandela peuvent faire naître des demandes pour plus de justice. Des dirigeants politiques peuvent aussi mener un grand mouvement de réforme, comme le New Deal de Franklin Roosevelt.

Notre propre génération a un besoin pressant de stimuler une nouvelle ère de grandes transformations sociales. Nous devons cette fois-ci agir pour sauver la planète d’une catastrophe environnementale provoquée par les activités humaines.

Chacun d’entre nous ressent le problème presque tous les jours. Canicules, sécheresses, inondations, incendies de forêt, fontes de glacier, pollutions des rivières et tempêtes extrêmes secouent la planète à un rythme accéléré en raison des activités humaines. Notre économie mondiale de 70 trillions de $ par année exerce une pression sans pareille dans l’histoire sur les milieux naturels. Nous aurons besoin d’adopter de nouvelles technologies, de nouveaux comportements et une nouvelle déontologie, soutenus par des preuves solides, afin de concilier la poursuite du développement économique avec la viabilité environnementale.

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  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

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