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纽约—社会发生深刻变迁的方式不一而足。技术突破——蒸汽机、计算机和互联网——可能起到了领导作用。理想家——比如圣雄甘地、马丁·路德·金和纳尔逊·曼德拉——则受着公正要求的鼓舞。政治领导人也可能引领广泛的改革运动,比如富兰克林·罗斯福和他的新政。

我们这一代人迫切地需要发生又一次伟大社会变革时代。这一回,我们必须从人类导致的环境灾难中拯救地球。

可以说,我们每一个人每一天都在感受这一挑战。热浪、干旱、洪水、森林大火、冰川消融、河流污染、极端暴风肆虐地球的频率越来越高,而这一切都是人类活动导致的。全球经济每年产生70万亿美元的产值,同时也对自然环境产生着前所未见的压力。我们需要有扎实证据支撑的新技术、新行为和新伦理来协调未来经济发展和环境可持续性。

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