笼罩太阳能的保护主义阴影

坎布里奇——世界最大的反倾销争端终于于7月底达成和解,中国同意以约定的最低价格向欧盟出口太阳能电池板。最终的解决方案比曾经迫在眉睫的结果缓和了许多:如果欧盟委员会判定占欧洲市场80%份额的中国“倾销”罪名成立,欧盟对中国太阳能电池板的关税将升至47.6%。但和解对于消费者和环境而言都是不好的结果。

中国和欧盟的争端与中美争端非常相似。去年秋天,在美国商务部认定中国向美国市场“倾销”(一般定义为以低于成本价销售)罪名成立后,美国对从中国进口的太阳能电池板征收24-36%的关税。中国方面则指出美国对华倾销生产太阳能电池板的关键材料多晶硅,并对美进口产品加征超过50%的报复性关税。

太阳能电池板争端看似狭隘深奥,但却直指全球化长期争论的核心议题。反全球化人士最有力的论据是即使自由贸易从总体上有利于经济增长,但也可能破坏环保等重要公共利益。根据著名的“向下竞争”假说,对国际贸易开放的国家被认为实施了相对宽松的环保法规。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/1SSRE4b/zh;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now