突破饥饿危机

纽约—当今世界饥饿危机的严重程度前所未有,已是当务之急。近十亿人在忍受着长期饥饿的煎熬—这样的人口很可能比两年前增加了一亿。西班牙正在对抗饥饿方面起着全球性的领导作用。它将邀请世界各国领导人于一月底汇聚马德里,将言语付诸行动。在西班牙的领导和联合国秘书长潘基文的支持下,几个捐助国政府正协商着将他们的财政资源集中起来以便让世界上最贫困的农民能够种植更多的粮食,从而摆脱贫穷的陷阱。

捐助国的支援所带来的好处是不言而喻的。非洲、海地和其他贫困地区目前都在没有高产种子和化肥的情况下种植作物。其结果就是粮食产量(例如玉米)比在有更好的农业投入的情况下大约要少三分之一。相较于大量施用化肥的中国农民每公顷四吨的产量,非洲农民每公顷的粮食产量只有约一吨。

非洲农民知道他们需要化肥,只是买不起。有了捐助国的帮助,他们就能用上化肥了。到那时,这些农民不仅能养家糊口,还能开始赚取市场收入并为未来而储蓄。有了几年的积蓄,这些农民最终能够成为具有银行信用的人,或者有足够的现金自行购买必需的农业投入。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/DEZhvmq/zh;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now