Бойкот против благоразумия

«Это могло произойти здесь» - избитая фраза, частая употребляемая для целого ряда тревожных гипотетических сценариев. «Как это могло произойти здесь?» - более уместный вопрос, возникший недавно в Великобритании, в то время как университеты этой страны стали свидетелями слишком реальных и озадачивающих действий.

В начале июня Национальная ассоциация преподавателей высших учебных заведений (NATFHE) – крупнейший академический профсоюз Великобритании, насчитывающий 67 тысяч членов - предложил порвать связи со всеми израильскими профессорами и высшими учебными заведениями, если они публично не выразят свое несогласие с «продолжающейся израильской политикой апартеида». Это предложение было впоследствии отозвано, но сам факт его выдвижения вызывает изумление.

Действительно, призыв профсоюза к всеобщему бойкоту противоречит его самым главным ценностям: принципу академической свободы, открытости и обмена; защите научных исследований от государственной политики; и фундаментальному праву на свободу слова. Своим предложением профсоюз имплицитно выбрал метод коллективного наказания и явно маккартистский тон, требуя своего рода «клятвы неверности» от израильских академиков.

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  1. Chris J Ratcliffe/Getty Images

    The Brexit Surrender

    European Union leaders meeting in Brussels have given the go-ahead to talks with Britain on post-Brexit trade relations. But, as European Council President Donald Tusk has said, the most difficult challenge – forging a workable deal that secures broad political support on both sides – still lies ahead.

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    ROBERT J. BARRO | How US Corporate Tax Reform Will Boost Growth

    JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS | Robert Barro's Tax Reform Advocacy: A Response

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    From enabling the rise of Donald Trump to hacking the telephone of a murdered British schoolgirl, Murdoch’s media empire has staked its success on stoking populist rage.

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    The Dangerous Delusion of Price Stability

    Since the hyperinflation of the 1970s, which central banks were right to combat by whatever means necessary, maintaining positive but low inflation has become a monetary-policy obsession. But, because the world economy has changed dramatically since then, central bankers have started to miss the monetary-policy forest for the trees.

  5. Harvard’s Jeffrey Frankel Measures the GOP’s Tax Plan

    Jeffrey Frankel, a professor at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and a former member of President Bill Clinton’s Council of Economic Advisers, outlines the five criteria he uses to judge the efficacy of tax reform efforts. And in his view, the US Republicans’ most recent offering fails miserably.

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    The Holy Grail of Genetic Engineering

    CRISPR-Cas – a gene-editing technique that is far more precise and efficient than any that has come before it – is poised to change the world. But ensuring that those changes are positive – helping to fight tumors and mosquito-borne illnesses, for example – will require scientists to apply the utmost caution.

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

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