9/11 и новый авторитаризм

Пять лет спустя террористических ударов по Башням-близнецам в Нью-Йорке и Пентагону в Вашингтоне «9/11» перестало быть простой датой. Она вошла в учебники истории как начало чего-то нового, возможно, даже новой эпохи, но в любом случае времени перемен. Террористические акты в Мадриде, Лондоне и других местах также сохранятся в памяти людей, но именно «9/11» стало известной фразой, почти как «август 1914г.».

Но является ли то, что началось 11-го сентября 2001 года, действительно войной? Это американское понятие нравится далеко не всем. Во время расцвета ирландского терроризма в Великобритании, британское правительство делало все возможное, чтобы не признать, что ведет войну против ИРА. «Война» означала бы признание террористов легитимными врагами, в некотором смысле принятие их как равных в кровавом противоборстве, для которого существуют общепринятые правила.

Это не является ни правильным описанием, ни полезным термином для обозначения террористических актов, которые более правильным было бы назвать криминальными действиями. Называя их войной и приводя имя противника (обычно «Аль-Каиды» и ее лидера Усамы Бен Ладена), правительство Соединенных Штатов оправдало внутренние изменения, которые до 9/11 были бы неприемлемы в любой свободной стране.

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