World war II veteran US National Park Service/Flickr

El final de 1945

NUEVA YORK – El ocho de mayo de 1945, cuando acabó oficialmente la segunda guerra mundial en Europa, gran parte del mundo estaba en ruinas, pero, si bien la capacidad humana de destrucción no conoce límites, la capacidad de volver a empezar es igualmente notable. Tal vez sea ésa la razón por la que la Humanidad ha logrado sobrevivir hasta ahora.

Desde luego, al final de la guerra millones de personas estaban demasiado hambrientas y exhaustas para hacer algo más que permanecer vivas, pero, al mismo tiempo, una ola de idealismo, una sensación de determinación colectiva de construir un mundo más igual, pacífico y seguro, barrió las ruinas.

Ésa es la razón por la que el gran héroe de la guerra, Winston Churchill, perdió las elecciones en el verano de 1945, antes incluso de que el Japón se rindiera. Los hombres y las mujeres no habían arriesgado sus vidas simplemente para volver a la época anterior de privilegios de clase y privación social. Querían mejores viviendas, educación y atención de salud gratuita para todos.

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