Зачем ждать евро?

Несмотря на то, что расширение Европейского Сообщества на восток пока еще не произошло, уже активно обсуждается вопрос о том, что за этим последует, а именно, когда, став новыми членами ЕЭС, бывшие коммунистические страны перейдут на евро? При условии соответствия всем положениям по ЭВС Маастрихтского соглашения - а для этих стран установлены более жесткие критерии, что кажется вполне справедливым - главный вопрос по-прежнему заключается в том, извлекут ли новые члены ЕЭС больше пользы, повременив немного с вступлением в зону евро, или же для них будет лучше незамедлительное вступление в нее?

С самого начало необходимо подчеркнуть, что раннее вступление в ЭВС означает проведение страной более претенциозной финансовой и структурной программы, чем в случае, если вступление в ЭВС произойдет несколько позже. В противном случае раннее вступление будет лишь пустым жестом.

Что касается меня, я полагаю, что раннее принятие евро не только возможно, но и предпочтительнее более позднему. Под ранним принятием подразумевается наикратчайший допустимый период времени - два года - следующий за подчинением новыми членами ЕЭС своей кредитно-денежной политики финансовым и валютным ограничениям Механизма регулирования обменных курсов ЭВС - II (ERM II). В случае вступления в ЕЭС и ERM II в 2004 году, новые страны - участники должны стремиться к вступлению в зону евро где-то к 2006 году.

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