Pourquoi attendre l'euro ?

Bien que l'agrandissement vers l'est de l'Union européenne n'ait pas encore eu lieu, l'objet du débat se déplace déjà pour se centrer sur ce qui va suivre : à quel moment les nouveaux membres, majoritairement postcommunistes, devront-ils adopter l'euro ? En supposant qu'ils se conforment aux provisions du Traité de Maastricht relatives à l'UEM - et qu'ils ne soient pas tenus injustement de respecter des critères plus rigoureux - la principale question sera de savoir les nouveaux membres retireront plus d'avantages à attendre ou à postuler rapidement.

Au début, il est nécessaire de souligner qu'en cherchant à adhérer plus tôt à l'UEM, un pays adopte un programme fiscal et structural plus ambitieux que si son adhésion à l'UEM était retardée. Sinon, adhérer tôt ne servirait à rien.

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