When American troops were captured in Iraq, President Bush said that he expects them to be treated humanely. "If not," the President warned, "the people who mistreat the prisoners will be treated as war criminals."
President Bush's remarks drove home the importance of strict adherence to the Geneva Conventions and the question of how war crimes trials may be convened in post-war Iraq and who will conduct them. The US plan for war crimes trials covers violations committed before the current conflict began. American officials recently released a list of Iraqis who would face trial for past crimes.