Friday, November 21, 2014

The Iron Lady as Liberator

KHARKIV, UKRAINE – Prison is always a place of mourning. But perhaps learning of Margaret Thatcher’s death in this place is grimly appropriate, because it made me remember the imprisoned society of my youth that Thatcher did so much to set free.

For many of us who grew up in the Soviet Union and its satellites in Eastern Europe, Margaret Thatcher will always be a heroine. Not only did she espouse the cause of freedom – particularly economic freedom – in Britain and the West; by proclaiming Mikhail Gorbachev a man “we can do business with” (at a time when almost every democratic leader was deeply suspicious of his policies of perestroika and glasnost), she became a vital catalyst in unlocking our gulag societies.

Indeed, for everyone in the former communist world who sought to build a free society out of the wreckage of totalitarianism, the “Iron Lady” became a secular icon. Her qualities of courage and persistence – of being “not for turning” – provided a living example for us of a type of leadership that does not buckle at moments of political peril. I have certainly taken inspiration from her fidelity to her principles and absolute determination to fight, and fight again, when the cause is just.

One of the true joys of my life in politics was the opportunity to have a quiet lunch with Thatcher in London some years ago, and express my gratitude to her for recognizing our chance for freedom and seizing the diplomatic initiative to help realize it. Throughout my premiership, I kept a quote of hers in mind: “I am not a consensus politician; I am a conviction politician.” Her rigorous sense of the true duty of a politician always gave me comfort during a political struggle, for our duty as leaders is not to hold office, but to use our power to improve people’s lives and increase the scope of their freedom.

When Thatcher first expressed her belief in the potential of Gorbachev’s pro-democracy reforms, I was a 24-year-old recent university graduate beginning my career. There was scant hope that my life would be better than that of my mother and, more dispiriting, even less hope that I would be able to build a better life for my young daughter.

Thatcher’s embrace of the cause of our freedom was electrifying for me. The great dissident writer Nadezhda Mandelstam had seen for us a future in which we could only “hope against hope”; yet here was a leader who saw for us a future not of squalor and moral compromise, but of freedom and opportunity. I still shake my head in wonder that she could embrace the abandoned hope of liberation when almost no one else – not even Gorbachev – could even imagine it.

But, of course, Thatcher understood freedom, because it was in her very sinews. She was assuredly not for turning, but she also was not for taking orders or settling for the restricted life that her society seemed to hold in store for her. In a Britain where social class still typically determined one’s destiny, the grocer’s daughter from the north made her way to Oxford and starred as a student of chemistry.

Then she dared to enter the exclusive male preserve of politics. When she became the first woman to be British Prime Minister, she fired the ambitions of countless young women around the world (including mine). We could dream big because of her example.

And, as a woman, Thatcher knew that she brought something unique to the corridors of power. As she said on taking office in 1979, “Any woman who understands the problems of running a home will be nearer to understanding the problems of running a country.” That common-sense fusion of family values and fiscal probity set an example for every elected leader who has followed her.

Of course, I well understand that many in Britain felt left behind by the economic and social revolution that Thatcher unleashed. But the entire point of Thatcherism, as I understood it from afar, was to create conditions in which everyone could work hard and achieve their dreams. That is what I – and all of Ukraine’s democrats – want for our country: a society of opportunity, under the rule of law and not under the thumb of cronies and oligarchs, in an open Europe.

The record speaks for itself. Before Thatcher’s premiership, Britain was widely considered the “sick man of Europe” – afflicted by stifling regulation, high unemployment, constant strikes, and chronic budget deficits. When she stepped down 11 years later (the country’s longest-serving prime minister since Lord Liverpool left office in 1827) Britain was among Europe’s – and the world’s – most dynamic economies. As a result, we are all Thatcherites now.

Read more from our "The Iron Lady's Impact" Focal Point.

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    1. CommentedTsuda Shoken

      Dear Madam,

      I strongly think that more conviction politicians needed to make strong and free societies. Men are too weak to make final decisions that should not be full of compromise, which many histories have shown. So, more

    2. CommentedKen Presting

      If politics is the art of riding a trend, then history is the science of uncovering all the trends and understanding their combined significance. Ms. Tymoshenko was a seminal politician but now she is a victim of history.

      She overlooks the tendency of 20th century conservatives to ally with dictators. In Thatcher's case, the most notorious was Pinochet (recalled here:

      It is universally held in Western democracies that no single-party system can be stable over any long term. To attribute the USSR's demise to Thatcher or Reagan is to ignore exactly the theory which they themselves advocated in opposition to the USSR - that eventually the people would rise up against their exploiters. Or at least that a generation of leaders would come forward to harness public discontent.

      Those of us in the West who still regret the ascendance of Thatcher et. al. see the current plight of the former Soviet Union as a result of lassez-faire capitalism applied in a nation without the structures of civil society which can keep ambitious plutocrats in check. Only if the justice system is reliably independent is any private citizen secure in their liberty. Political leaders can be especially vulnerable.

      Many of the Eastern leaders who praise the right wing of the West are still heroes to us on the Left. Lech Walesa is in this group too. For my own part, I like to say Karl Marx was wrong about communism, but he was right about capitalism. Free markets are incomparably better than a centrally planned economy.

      But getting to free markets depends first on more basic freedoms. I'm sure all readers here wish a speedy return to freedom for Ms. Tymoshenko and all her people.

    3. Commentedradek tanski

      That was a very powerful and moving piece Yuliya. I'm quite envious of you for having met her. Best for the future.

    4. CommentedNS Prashanth

      I have never come across an article that is more uncritical than this one. I completely understand that Eastern Europe and former Soviet countries may have a different perspective on Thatcher than what prevails among the political left/right in UK/Europe, but that does not mean that one has to naively eulogise Thather's economic freedom as being some sort of a quest to "liberate" post-Soviet nations. Tch..